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IASO Bio and Innovent Present New Data of FUCASO® (Equecabtagene Autoleucel) for Multiple Myeloma Patients in Oral Presentation at ASH 2023

2023.12.12 | IASO,IASO Bio,IASO Biotherapeutics,IASO Biopharma,CT103A, CAR-T, cell therapy,dual-targeted CAR-T

SHANGHAI, NANJING, CHINA, and SAN JOSE, Calif., December 11, 2023 – IASO biotechnology (“IASO Bio”), a biopharmaceutical company engaged in discovering, developing, manufacturing and marketing innovative cell therapies and antibody products, and Innovent Biologics, Inc. (“Innovent”, HKEX: 01801), a world-class biopharmaceutical company that develops, manufactures and commercializes high-quality medicines for the treatment of cancer, metabolic, autoimmune, ophthalmology and other major diseases, today announced the latest analysis results from the FUMANBA-1 study of Equecabtagene Autoleucel for the treatment of multiple myeloma in an oral presentation at the 65th American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting. The presentation highlights the characteristics and efficacy of fully human BCMA-targeting CAR-T (Equecabtagene Autoleucel) on multiple myeloma patients who had sustained minimal residual disease (MRD) negativity after receiving treatment.


Oral Presentation Overview

Presentation Title: Efficacy Outcomes and Characteristics of Patients with Multiple Myeloma (MM) Who Achieved Sustained Minimal Residual Disease Negativity after Treatment with Equecabtagene Autoleucel (Eque-cel, CT103A) in Fumanba-1


Session Date and Time: Monday, December 11, 2023, 11:30 AM (San Diego)


Publication Number: 761

Presenter: Dr. Jue Wang, Associate Professor, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science & Technology


The presentation is based on a post-hoc analysis of the FUMANBA-1 study. The FUMANBA-1 Study(Registration No.: NCT05066646) is a Phase Ib/II, single-arm, multicenter study to assess the efficacy and safety of the investigational drug Equecabtagene Autoleucel (IASO R&D code: CT103A, Innovent R&D code: IBI326), a fully human CAR-T cell therapy, in patients with relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM) who have received 3 or more lines of treatment.


As of December 31, 2022, with a median follow-up of 18.07 months, deep and sustained responses were observed in 103 evaluable patients. Among these patients, the overall response rate (ORR) was 96.1%, and the stringent complete response/complete response (sCR/CR) rate was 77.7%. Among subjects without prior CAR-T therapy, the ORR reached 98.9%, the sCR/CR rate reached 82.4%, and the 12-month progression-free survival (PFS) rate was 85.5%.


Minimal residual disease (MRD) negativity rate is 94.2% in the total evaluable patients, and all patients who achieved CR or above were MRD negative. The median time to achieve MRD negativity was 15 days, with 80.8% of patients remaining MRD negative at 12 months post infusion.


In addition, Equecabtagene Autoleucel could persist in the body for an extended period of time the median duration was 307.5 days. 12 months after infusion, 50% of patients had a vector copy number (VCN) above the lower limit of detection; and 24 months after infusion, VCN could still be detected in 40% of the patients.


Based on the descriptive analysis, patients receiving eque-cel achieved MRD negativity irrespective of cytogenetics statusextramedullary disease statusnumber of prior lines of therapyand performance status. It suggests that eque-cel as immune cell therapy showed strong killing effect to myeloma cells without affecting by these factors.

In the FUMANBA-1 study, 90 RRMM patients without prior CAR-T therapy were evaluable for MRD test at 10-5. The results showed:


(1)      An important prognostic factor for progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with RRMM treated with Equecabtagene Autoleucel is sustained MRD negativity: When comparing the PFS of patients in different MRD negative duration groups, those in the ≥ 6 months and ≥ 12 months group were significantly better than those in the < 6 months group. This was particularly true for those in the ≥ 12 months MRD negative duration group.


(2)      There is a correlation between the persistence of CAR-T cells and sustainability of MRD negativity after infusion of Equecabtagene Autoleucel: Overall, there is a positive correlation between the two. This was particularly evident in subgroup analysis. The Triple-class exposure subgroup, the previous autologous transplantation treatment history subgroup, the high-risk cytogenetic abnormality subgroup, etc., showed a moderate to strong positive correlation between the persistence of CAR-T cells (VCN persistence) after infusion of Equecabtagene Autoleucel and the duration of MRD negativity. The correlation may become more significant in the future with longer term follow-up data, which could further reveal the positive correlation between long-term survival of CAR-T cells and long-term maintenance of MRD negativity.


"Studies have shown MRD is a biomarker that affects the long-term survival of RRMM patients. It’s necessary to maintain MRD negativity to improve the prognosis of RRMM patients and extend PFS. Equecabtagene Autoleucel has overcome two difficulties faced by traditional therapies in maintaining MRD negativity. First, it has increased the proportion of patients with MRD-negative persistence past 12 months from less than 10% to 80%. Second, only one-time infusion is needed to achieve sustainable MRD negativity. Traditional therapies require continuous medication to maintain MRD negativity, and once medication is stopped, patients face the risk of relapse. Patients who do not stop the medication will be facing the potential risk of inducing drug-resistant clones. Long-term medication and complex therapies increase direct treatment costs, seriously affect patients’ quality of life. The adverse effects caused by long term treatment also increase indirect costs to patients and their families. With its outstanding long-term persistence in the body, Equecabtagene Autoleucel can achieve lasting and deep remission in RRMM patients who have failed multiple lines of treatment. We expect that it will give more patients the hope of a cure," said principal investigators Professor Lu-gui Qiu, Institute of Hematology and Blood Diseases Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, and Professor Chunrui Li, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science & Technology.